By stringing it after all others have failed, he asserts his dominion and proves to the suitors that their efforts to take his wife and land from him have been in vain. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. In these excerpts, more familiar spellings have been used. Athena is the only supernatural force in this book. The iliad is confined geographically in ways that the odyssey is not. The odyssey study guide contains a biography of homer, literature. Distribute a guide about the odyssey that provides discussion and essay questions as well as activities to precede, accompany, and follow reading. In the odyssey, homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated with epics. Find a summary of this and each chapter of the odyssey. Holt literature textbook 9th grade unit 11 the odyssey. Chapter summary for homers the odyssey, book 9 summary.
Tone the authors attitude towards his subject calypso p. It is an epic poem, effectively a sequel to the iliad, written in ancient greek but assumed to be derived from earlier oral sources, telling the story of odysseus wanderings and. There is a strong element of the trickster figure about homers odysseus. Epic similesepithets in book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus is. Book iv book iv they reached the low lying city of lacedaemon them where they drove straight to the of abode menelaus and found him in his own house, feasting with his many clansmen in honour of the wedding of his son, and also of his daughter, whom he was marrying to the son of that valiant. Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mentionbook 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. At first odysseus seems very concerned for the well being of his crew and he looks o. Among the most noteworthy elements of the text are its nonlinear plot, and the.
The odyssey, the second of the epic texts attributed to homer, and also a major founding work of european literature, is usually dated to around the 8th century bc. List the ten story elements that are common to all stories of a heros journey, such as star wars, the lion king, the wizard of oz, or the odyssey. That night the king begs odysseus to tell who he is and what has happenedto him. Great examples and literary analysis of the use of themes in homers the. Essay about literary analysis of the odyssey 784 words. The odyssey is not only a great romantic, adventure epic, but its terribly realistic in its depiction of human nature and a brilliantly crafted narrative. In the odyssey, athena appears on earth disguised as everything from a little girl to odysseuss friend mentor to telemachus.
Within the middle section of the poem books 912, odysseus describes. Here is this stranger, i do not know who he is, come wandering suppliant here to my house from the eastern or western people. The odyssey book 9 quiz document pdf teachers edition only in this section, odysseus is regaling the phaeaceans with tales of his travails around the world and especially his battle with the. The odyssey symbols, allegory and motifs gradesaver. As he begins his narrative, he relates that the cyclopes are a lawless people, which should. The notion of hospitality is so strong in the world of the odyssey that guests can even be considered part of ones family. Check out our revolutionary sidebyside summary and analysis. For example, fitzgeralds kirke, kyklops, and seirenes are spelled here as circe, cyclops, and sirens. The men plunder the land and, carried away by greed, stay until the reinforced ranks of the cicones turn on them and attack. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. There are a huge number of examples of literary devices in the odyssey, but we can only deal with a few of them here. Literary devices of the odyssey book summaries, test. The earliest literary accounts of it, found in the iliad and the odyssey, are elaborated in later classical literature.
It combines realistic elements of historical events with wildly imag. From troy, the winds sweep him and his men to ismarus, city of the cicones. Describe the function and effect upon a literary work of common literary devices, 9. By this time most students have already been introduced to mythology, so. The first four books recount the story of odysseuss son, telemachus, and how he must try to protect his mother and be the man of. Odyssey from the effingham county schools overview. The call is odysseus yearning to go home from troy once the city has been destroyed and the war is over. Proteus, the old man of the sea whom menelaus describes in book 4, can assume any form, even water and fire, to escape capture. Homer, odyssey, book 9, line 500 perseus digital library. Downloadableprintable version of this monkeynote key literary elements setting character list conflict short plot summary synopsis themes mood background information biography literary historical information. The odyssey has 24 books, so we analyzed and discussed the arc of the entire epic, reading several of the key books. Book 9 of the odyssey essaysin this book odysseus is retelling his trip home as a flashback. Odysseus tells the cyclops that his name is nobody, such that when he blinds the cyclops and the cyclops asks for help from his countrymen, the cyclops can only exclaim that nobody is attacking him. Literary devices in the odyssey the odyssey is an epic poem that served an educational purpose for those who heard it.
Epics begin in medias res in the middle of things and explore a vast world or universe, generally that involves mythological landscapes such as the home of the gods. This is an edit of the hallmark channels made for tv movie, the odyssey. Homer composed the odyssey in a meter known as dactylic hexameter, which gives the epic its elevated style. One of the most notable features of the poem is homers use of epithets. Achilles, son of peleus, athena, daughter of zeus, menelaus, son of atreus, etc. In book 9 of homers odyssey, the title character tells about his adventures in the land of the cyclopes. Create marketing content that resonates with prezi video. As the book begins it tells of his travels and where he winds up during this time. Books 9 through 12 are told as flashbacks, as odysseus sits in the palace of the phaeacians telling the story of his wanderings. The odyssey is one of two major ancient greek epic poems attributed to homer.
A majority of the odyssey is told in third person from the perspective of the epic poet, what literary element does odysseus use when he tells his part of the story. Summary after identifying himself to the phaeacians at the feast, odysseus tells the story of his wanderings. Personification in the odyssey homers the odyssey and other greek tales often use personification more than any other kind of story. Odysseus outwits and escapes the cyclops in book 9. A literary term coined by horace that means literally in the middle of things.
The iliad project the iliad is an account of the trojan war, which happened just before the events of the odyssey. Booker pretty much built the quest plot around the odyssey, so this should be easy. Learn literary terms odyssey book 9 with free interactive flashcards. The gods of greek literature often assume alternate forms to commune with humans. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. Getting through these challenges made them stronger and. Learning modalities visualspatial learners encourage students to use the illustration on p. Essay about literary analysis of the odyssey 784 words 4 pages the odyssey is a celebrated epic filled with many different themes, motifs, styles, and characters that could be examined in vast detail, but the theme of hospitality is a reoccurring one throughout the entire narrative.
Women had less power and occupied a subordinate status. Litcharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in the odyssey, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. It is used to describe stories that begin in the middle the action rather than at the beginning of a characters life. Odysseus does not discuss, at this point, why he was blown off course and unable to return directly to ithaca. The odyssey, on the other hand, covers much of the known and some of the unknown world of the time. Understanding this story will give you the background necessary to appreciate the characters and events that occur in the odyssey.
Book 9 of the odyssey shows that obstacles must be overcome in order to reach your ultimate destination. After fighting in the brutal trojan war, odysseus travels the sea in hopes of returning to ithaca, his homeland, and his wife and son, penelope and telemachus. The odyssey was written in a poetic dialect of greeka literary amalgam of. Themes in odyssey with examples and analysis literary devices. The most famous paradox in the odyssey is the trick by which odysseus outwits and escapes the cyclops in book 9. In translating the odyssey, fitzgerald spelled greek names to suggest the sound of the original greek. The mens next stop was the aeolian island, home to the god of the winds. From troy, the winds sweep him and his men to ismarus, city of the.
Kat clum discussion question 1 book eight of the odyssey shows that odysseus cannot handle the grief of hearing about his own friends dying. He had gone there to accept a hecatomb of sheep and oxen, and was enjoying himself at his festival. It was probably composed near the end of the 8th century bce and is, in part, a sequel to the iliad. The fighting of book 22 is the only pitched battle in the odyssey, and while it cannot help but recall the iliad, which abounds in bloodshed, the description remains thoroughly odyssean. This is a special kind of homeric epithet used frequently in the iliad and the odyssey. New coasts and poseidon s sonin books 68, odysseus is welcomed by king alcinous, who gives a banquet in hishonor. While the odyssey is primarily the story of odysseus journey home, homer incorporates some ideas through the use of literary elements such as symbolism and figurative language. In the odyssey, homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated. Synopsis the night when odysseus reaches scheria and rests on the shore, athena appears in the dream of nausicaa, the daughter of the king of phaeacia.
Full list of literary devices grammatical terms poem analysis book literary. The mighty bow of odysseus, which only he can string, is a symbol of his rightful place as king of ithaca and husband of penelope. Consider a representative example, from when odysseus praises alcinous bard. The next four books books 912 deal with the heros wanderings and are the most widely known in the epic.
She appears as one of nausicaas girlfriends and suggests to go to the river to wash her clothes in the morning. The odyssey by homer book 9 summary and analysis youtube. For one thing, it maintains the comic and domestic flavor that many critics find characteristic of the odyssey. They stayed with aeolus for a month, and his parting gift to odysseus was a sack holding the winds. That night the king begs odysseus to tell who he is and what has happened to him. Odysseus and his men overcame the temptation of the lotuseaters and the attack and imprisonment from the cyclops. Rl 7 analyze the representation of a subject or key scene in two different artistic mediums. Homer presents numerous ironic events throughout the epic. Odysseus finally reveals his identity to alkinoos and the phaiakians. In book 9 of homers the odyssey, we learn more about his travels after the trojan war ended and why he still has not made.
Odysseus is a combination of the selfmade, selfassured man and the. It relates historical stories with fantastical elements of myth, legend, and divine intervention. Students familiar with some of the legends of the odyssey but new to the epic itself might be surprised to see that the section on the lotuseaters is only about twentyfive lines long 9. The odyssey is an excellent work of literature for ninth or tenth grade students to read. When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically. Homer notes that, stroking him gently, powerful polyphemus murmured, dear old ram, why last of the flock to quit the cave. Homer tells of the city of phaeacia amd athenaa plans of odysseus going home. Odysseia is the second of the two epic poems attributed to the ancient greek poet homer the first being the iliad, and usually considered the second extant work of western literature.
Following the victory at troy, he and his men sail. Greek society was patrilineal lineage traced through the father and patriarchal ruled by men. Literature network homer the odyssey book iv book iv they reached the low lying city of lacedaemon them where they drove straight to the of abode menelaus and found him in his own house, feasting with his many clansmen in honour of the wedding of his son, and also of his daughter, whom he was marrying to the son of that valiant. It is widely recognized as one of the great stories of all time, and. Theres nothing better than when deep joy holds sway throughout the realm and banqueters up and down the palace sit in ranks, enthralled to hear the bard, and before them all, the tables heaped with bread and meats, and drawing wine. Homer has touched on a universal theme, the lure of oblivion through drugs. Choose from 500 different sets of literary terms odyssey book 9 flashcards on quizlet. Concepts, animals, and objects were thought to be the gods taking earthly form, therefore personification was used to embody the gods on earth. About the selection theodysseyis a classic adventure story.
Calypso, the sweet nymph athena pleads to the gods and zeus at mount olympus to release odysseusheld captive by the immortal nymph calypso calypso is the daughter of the titan atlas and was forced to live on the island ogygia as a punishment for siding with her father and the. Mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mention book 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsq. Rl 9 analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work. The map shows just how many places and islands he visited. Odyssey 912 greek and latin texts with facing vocabulary. The odyssey literary analysis and reflection english 9.
As the journey largely consists in travel between islands, a great deal of imagery is committed to descriptions of odysseus various vessels, and how they fare on their various legs of the voyage. Hubris is one of the major themes of the epic, the odyssey and is a greek term. Homers epic poem the odyssey tells the story of odysseus, greek hero of the trojan war, and his adventures at sea during his travel home. Each island was its own small city, and odysseus and his men affected each one differently. Epics begin in medias res in the middle of things and explore a vast world or universe, generally that involves mythological landscapes such as the home of the. The odyssey book 9 lyrics ulysses declares himself and begins his storythe cicons, lotophagi, and cyclopes and ulysses answered, king alcinous, it is a good thing to hear a bard with such a. Literary analysis of the odyssey essay example graduateway. One of the recurrent imagery elements that unites the odyssey as a work is constant feasting, usually complete with libations and sacrifices to the relevent gods ships and seafaring. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The basic form of narrative in the odyssey is very strongly oriented towards imagery. The poet invokes the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus.
She encourages nausicaa to go wash at the river and also makes odysseus especially handsome after he washes in the river. Sure, its not actually depicted in the odyssey but well give homer a break, since he practically invented the thing. And ulysses answered king alcinous it is a good thing to hear abard with such a divine voice as this man has. Book 9 the odyssey 15 questions by kalihannah last updated. We learn that poseidon, god of the sea, holds a grudge though we dont know exactly why against odysseus and is making the guys voyage home a pretty difficult one.
Does the story between ares and aphrodite relate at all to odysseus and is it a foreshadowing to a future event. The main elements are the situation in ithaca, where penelope, odysseus wife, and their young son, telemachus, are powerless before her arrogant suitors as they despair of odysseus return from the siege of. Homers epic poem the odyssey tells the story of odysseus, greek hero of the trojan war. In many ways the odyssey is the most renowned literary work from greek. Hartwig the odyssey literary analysis is a good leader classified as one who personally gains a lot or one who benefits his or her community at large.
The odyssey is an epic poem that served an educational purpose for those who heard it. The odyssey tends to be blander in expression and sometimes more diffuse in the progress of its action, but it presents an even more complex and harmonious structure than the iliad. New coasts and poseidons son in books 68 odysseus is welcomed by king alcinous, who gives a banquet in his honor. Now neptune had gone off to the ethiopians, who are at the worlds end, and lie in two halves, the one looking west and the other east.
Composed around 700 bc, the odyssey is one of the earliest epics still in existence and, in many ways, sets the pattern for the genre, neatly fitting the definition of a primary epic that is, one that grows out of oral tradition. Although minor, revenge is another theme of the odyssey. If you plan to purchase a copy of the 2nd edition, please make sure that you are buying the 2nd edition and not accidentally picking up a used copy of the 1st edition. Reluctantly, odysseus tells the phaeacians the sorry tale of his wanderings. Authors today could learn from how homer lays out his plot and plays the characters off against each other for maximum reader involvement.1381 166 1151 46 760 688 1438 1040 473 1146 285 830 734 1398 572 121 228 1425 385 1478 362 1089 778 184 1365 450 915 71 609 1236 285 322 967 874 1190 122